The Central Government had informed this in the Rajya Sabha on March 12, 2020 that they had found the source of lithium in Mandya district of Karnataka. This source is found in Marlagala-Allapatna area of Mandya district. After a year of geological research and research, it is now known that 1600 tons of lithium ore is present there. After all, why does the central government need lithium so much? Why is the government looking for sources of lithium… Let us know the reason behind this.
In the Rajya Sabha session held on March 12 last year, Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh said in response to a question that we have found the source of lithium in Mandya district of Karnataka. After a few days of investigation, it will be able to tell how much lithium is there. Lithium is a rare earth element. India has so far met 100 per cent of its lithium needs through China and other lithium exporting countries.
India imports lithium batteries every year. These batteries are used everywhere on your phone, TV, laptop, remote. In the year 2016-17, the central government imported more than 17.46 crore lithium batteries. It was priced at 384 million US dollars i.e. 2818 crores. In the year 2017-18, 31.33 crore batteries were imported, the price was 727 million dollars i.e. Rs 5335 crore. 71.25 crore batteries came in the year 2018-19, the price was 1255 million dollars i.e. 9211 crore rupees. 45.03 crore batteries came in the year 2019-20, the price was 929 million dollars i.e. around 6820 crore rupees.
Lithium-ion batteries are used a lot in space technology. To reduce this cost, the Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research of the Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India started searching for sources of lithium across the country. The lithium ore found in India is Lepidolite, Spodumene and Amblygonite. Its sources have been found in India. Let us know that the Atomic Minerals Directorate is expected to find sources of lithium in which parts of the country.
The places where sources of lithium may occur include the Katghoda-Garhathara area of Korba district of Chhattisgarh, in the Nako granite area of Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh, in the last Meghhtari area of Nawada district of Bihar, Harni in Jamui district of Bihar -Kalvadih in Chharkapatal and Parmania-Tetria areas, Sibgaon area of Sirohi district of Rajasthan, Umlingpung block in East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya and Dhorakola-Kushhana area of Koderma, Jharkhand.Apart from this, preparations have also been made for the discovery of lithium in Odisha, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
India is dependent on other countries on lithium ion. These countries are the biggest sources of this rare mineral. Bolivia has 21 million tons of lithium, Argentina 17 million tons, Chile 9 million tons, US 6.8 million tons, Australia 6.3 million tons and China 4.5 million tons. There is a competition between these countries to export lithium. Sometimes Chile overtakes, sometimes Australia.
Lithium-ion batteries are used for electric vehicles, spacecraft ie satellites, lander-rover, mobile batteries, clock cells, all types of electronic objects in the present time in which batteries are used. Apart from this, it is also used in various types of medical instruments and medicines.. These medicines are usually made for bipolar disorder, manic-depressive disorder, depression, unbalanced brain. Although its quantity is very less in it, but its use is very much in the medical industry.
Elon Musk, owner of SpaceX and Tesla Car Company, wants to buy a lithium mine on American soil to install batteries in his electronic cars. They will use the lithium available in their vehicles and will meet the domestic needs of the country. China has the highest electronic products in the world. Therefore, China did a lot of work on lithium mines. Most lithium-ion batteries are made in China. From here, batteries are supplied in many countries.